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List of Jews from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus


 

 

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

This page is a list of Jews.
For more on who is considered Jewish, see Who is a Jew?.
The Jewish presence in the lands of Tsarist Russia (predominantly Russia, Ukraine and Belarus) and the Soviet Union dates back to the 7th century, when a group of Khazar tribes united, settled, and converted en masse to Judaism. A few years before the Shoah, the Jewish population of the Soviet lands (excluding the Baltic states) stood at over 5 million, most of whom were Ashkenazic as opposed to Sephardic, with some Karaite minorities. It is estimated that over half died directly as a result of the Shoah. Many more emigrated to Israel, USA and Germany, though Russia and the Ukraine still have among the larger Jewish populations in the world today (440,000 Russia, 300,000 Ukraine). The following is a list of people with significant Jewish heritage from the Soviet Union lands. It is geographically defined, so it includes people born before the creation of the Soviet Union in 1917 and people who became prominent subsequent to its break-up in 1990.
(Note: Baltic, East European and Asian Jews are on different lists.)

Historical figures

Politicians

Soldiers and Revolutionaries

Others

Business figures

Oligarchs

Entrepreneurs

Scientists

Natural scientists

Mathematicians

Social scientists

Cultural figures

Musicians

Performing and Fine Artists

Writers and poets

Sport figures

Chess

Other sports

 

 

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